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J Med Chem. 1984 Jun;27(6):734-40.

Synthesis and evaluation of 19-aza- and 19-aminoandrostenedione analogues as potential aromatase inhibitors.


Derivatives of 19- azaandrostenedione (10 beta-amino-4- estrene -3,17-dione, 2) and 19-amino-4-androstene-3,17-dione (3) were synthesized as potential inhibitors of aromtase (estrogen synthetase). Compound 2 and its derivatives were synthesized from 3,17-dioxo-4-androsten-19-oic acid (5) via a Curtius rearrangement. Derivatives of 3 were synthesized from the intermediate 3,17-bis(ethylenedioxy)-5-androsten-19-al oxime (14), which was reduced to the corresponding amine (16) with Raney nickel. However, attempts to synthesize the parent compound, 3, from 16 by several different methods were unsuccessful. The compounds obtained were tested for inhibitory activity in the tritiated water assay for aromatase, with human placental microsomes as the enzyme source and [1-3H]-androst-4-ene-3,17-dione (83% 3H 1 beta) as the substrate. All of the compounds caused less than 20% inhibition of enzyme activity when tested at one and five times the substrate concentration (0.25 microM, 1.25 microM) and were poorer inhibitors than two known inhibitors, 7 alpha-[(p-aminophenyl)thio] androstenedione (7- APTA ) and 4-hydroxy-4-androstene-3,17-dione (4-OHA).

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