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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1984 Nov 15;150(6):695-8.

Wide local excision in the treatment of vulvar carcinoma in situ: a reappraisal.


A retrospective study of 56 patients treated for carcinoma in situ of the vulva over a 24-year period has shown a relative increase in the occurrence of this neoplasm. Only 6.7% of patients in the first 14 years of the study period were less than 35 years of age, as compared with 29.3% in the last decade. In the earlier years of the study, simple vulvectomy was the primary treatment, and 81.3% of the patients were disease-free at 5 years. Wide local excision, used in the later years, resulted in a rate of 46.2% with no evidence of disease. Involvement of surgical margins played a significant role in this increased incidence of recurrence. Only one patient, originally treated by simple vulvectomy, later developed early stromal invasion. A wide local excision technique should be strongly considered as initial management of this multifocal neoplasm. Close follow-up is mandatory. Recurrence of disease may be treated with appropriate wide excision.

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