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Ann Thorac Surg. 1984 Oct;38(4):345-55.

Extracardiac atrial pedicle conduit repair of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the superior vena cava in children.


Between June, 1982, and July, 1983, 6 children with partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the middle or high segment of the superior vena cava (SVC) underwent repair of the anomaly by division of the SVC proximal to the site of entry of the anomalous pulmonary veins. Continuity between the cephalad end of the SVC and the right atrium was established by direct anastomosis to the right atrial (RA) appendage or by creation of a pedicle conduit of RA appendage, RA free wall, and pericardium. The anomalous pulmonary veins remained in situ on the lower segment of SVC, blood being directed to the left atrium through an atrial septal defect by a pericardial patch placed within the right atrium well away from the sinoatrial node, anomalous pulmonary veins, and cavoatrial junction. All children have survived, remain in normal sinus rhythm, and have no evidence of vena caval or pulmonary venous obstruction. Follow-up cardiac catheterizations, angiocardiograms, and Holter recordings support the efficacy of this technique as an alternative in the management of anomalous pulmonary veins joining the SVC well above the cavoatrial junction.

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