Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
J Infect Dis. 1984 Sep;150(3):407-12.

Antitoxin levels in botulism patients treated with trivalent equine botulism antitoxin to toxin types A, B, and E.

Abstract

Serum levels of equine-botulism antitoxin to toxin types A, B, and E were measured in four type-A botulism patients who had received equine-botulism antitoxin. High circulating levels capable of neutralizing in excess of 1 X 10(8), 9 X 10(7), and 6 X 10(6) 50% mouse lethal doses of toxin of types A, B, and E, respectively, were detected. There was little depletion of type-A antitoxin even though two of the patients had circulating type-A toxin before treatment. The half-life for antitoxin persistence for one patient was calculated as being 6.5, 7.6, and 5.3 days for antitoxin types A, B, and E, respectively. Antitoxin levels were not proportionate to the amount (range, 2-4 vials) injected and did not appear to be affected by whether the route of administration was iv or im. Peak serum levels of antitoxin were 10-1,000 times higher than amounts needed to neutralize the toxin measured in the serum of these and other patients with botulism.

PMID:
6481185
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk