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Am J Epidemiol. 1984 Sep;120(3):423-35.

Incidence of thyroid cancer in women in relation to reproductive and hormonal factors.


Female residents of western Washington state aged 18-80 years in whom thyroid cancer was diagnosed between January 1974 and December 1979 were interviewed concerning their reproductive histories and their prior use of exogenous estrogens. Their responses were compared with those of a sample of women from the same population, individually matched to cases on telephone prefix. Use of each of several estrogen-containing preparations was associated with a small increased risk of thyroid cancer; parous women who had ever used a lactation suppressant had 1.7 times the risk of parous nonusers (95% confidence interval, 1.1-2.8); ever users of oral contraceptives had 1.6 times the risk of never users (95% confidence interval, 0.98-2.5); and ever users of postmenopausal estrogens had 1.4 times the risk of never users (95% confidence interval, 0.89-2.3). Among the low risk group of women, i.e., those who had never undergone radiation therapy and who had never had a goiter, a history of one or more pregnancies was also associated with a small increase in the risk of thyroid cancer (relative risk = 1.8, 95% confidence interval, 1.1-3.1). However, no increase in risk with increasing duration of use of oral contraceptives or menopausal estrogens or with increasing number of pregnancies was noted. While pregnancy and use of exogenous estrogens have an impact on the production of thyroid-stimulating hormone, their effect on the incidence of thyroid carcinoma, if present at all, appears to be small.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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