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Eur J Biochem. 1984 Aug 1;142(3):521-6.

Location of the sulfhydryl groups involved in disulfide interaction between the neighboring proteins L6 and L29 in mammalian ribosomes. S-cleavage of the cyanylated proteins in polyacrylamide gels after separation by dodecylsulfate gel electrophoresis.


Proteins L6 and L29 occupy closely adjacent sites in mammalian 60-S ribosomal subparticles and are easily cross-linked by intermolecular disulfide bond formation. For locating the interacting thiols within the polypeptide chains the dissociated proteins L6 and L29 obtained from the isolated disulfide complex were subjected to S-cleavage following [14C]cyanylation of the two cysteine residues. Four split products of the [14C]cyanylated proteins were isolated by dodecylsulfate gel electrophoresis. Two of these could be identified by autoradiography as the selectively labeled C-terminal fragments. For unequivocal assignment of the fragments to the parent proteins, a simple and generally applicable method of cleaving cyanylated proteins in polyacrylamide gel for subsequent diagonal analysis was developed. The experiments indicated that the sulfhydryl group of L6 interacting with L29 is located at a distance of approximately 80 amino acid residues from the N-terminus. In the intact ribosome this sequence contains a clostripain-sensitive and trypsin-sensitive portion of the protein more or less exposed at the ribosomal surface. In the case of protein L29, the interacting sulfhydryl group was located at a distance of approximately 40 amino acid residues from the C-terminal.

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