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Hypertension. 1981 Nov-Dec;3(6):669-75.

Left ventricular hypertrophy in children with blood pressures in the upper quintile of the distribution. The Muscatine Study.


From echocardiography measurements of left heart dimensions, cardiac output was estimated in 264 school children whose systolic blood pressure persisted in the lowest, middle, or highest quintile of the distribution for their age and sex. Children with blood pressure in the upper quintile were taller, heavier, and more obese. Echocardiographically determined left ventricular wall mass, corrected for body size, was significantly greater in these children than those in the lower quintiles of blood pressure. These children displayed a continuum of cardiac output. Those with the highest cardiac output in the upper blood pressure quintile had the greatest left ventricular wall mass.

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