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Biochem J. 1984 Sep 1;222(2):495-500.

Subcellular localization and some properties of lipoxygenase activity in human blood platelets.


Lipoxygenase activity was measured in human platelet subcellular fractions. From a sonicated platelet preparation, a granule fraction, mixed membranes (surface and intracellular) and cytosol fractions were separated by differential centrifugation. With respect to activities in the sonicated preparation, the lipoxygenase was slightly enriched in both the cytosol and mixed-membrane fractions and consistently de-enriched in the granule fractions. Approx. 65% and 20% of the total cell enzyme activity were found in the cytosol and mixed membranes respectively, with only 8% present in the granule fraction. Additionally we measured the lipoxygenase activity in purified surface- and intracellular-membrane subfractions prepared from the mixed membranes by free-flow electrophoresis. There was a slight enrichment in activity in the intracellular membrane fraction compared with that in the mixed membranes, and a depletion of activity in the surface membranes. Characterization of the enzyme activity, i.e. time course, pH-dependence, Ca2+-dependence, Vmax. and Km for arachidonic acid, and the carbon-position specificity for this acid, failed to reveal any significant differences between the membrane-bound and soluble forms of the lipoxygenase. These findings suggest that in human platelets the same lipoxygenase is associated with the membranes as in the cytosol and that the membrane-bound activity predominates in intracellular membrane elements.

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