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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1984 Jul 30;800(2):152-8.

The effect of carbohydrate depletion on procoagulant activity and in vivo survival of highly purified human factor VIII.


Human factor VIII procoagulant protein (factor VIII) was purified using a modification of our previously described method, in which Sephacryl S-400 elution, rather than QAE-cellulose chromatography, served as the final purification step. The protein had a specific activity of more than 2500 U/mg and consisted of a single polypeptide (Mr 100 000) when analyzed by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Factor VIII was shown to be a glycoprotein by staining with periodic acid-Schiff's reagent following electrophoresis. Treatment of factor VIII with a mixture of exo- and endoglycosidases caused a reduction by about 50% in the intensity of periodic acid-Schiff staining, as determined by scanning densitometry, and an increase in electrophoretic mobility (equivalent to a new Mr 95 000). Removal of this portion of the total carbohydrate had no significant effect on factor VIII clotting activity or on thrombin potentiation of clotting activity. The in vivo survival curves of a native and sugar-depleted 125I-labeled factor VIII both showed similar patterns of initial rapid decay to 60 and 40% activity, respectively, followed by a one-half decay time of 4 h for both. These results suggest that the carbohydrate portion of human factor VIII does not contribute significantly to either clotting function in vitro or to biological turnover in vivo.

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