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Mol Biol (Mosk). 1984 Jan-Feb;18(1):205-26.

[Superspecificity of aminoacyl-tRNA-synthases].

[Article in Russian]


The correct aminoacylation of tRNA with the proper aminoacid by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase is one of the key reactions which determines the overall high fidelity of protein biosynthesis. The initial selection of the amino acid is achieved in the active centre of the synthetase at the activation step due to differences in the side chains binding energies of specific substrate and the competing amino acids present in cell. If, nevertheless, the activation of amino acids structurally similar to the cognate one does proceed, additional mechanisms of correction which are based on the decomposition of unstable noncognate (intermediate or final) product of the tRNA aminoacylation reaction, by synthetase are switched on. In this review the literature on the specificity of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases at amino acid activation step is analyzed along with the proofreading mechanisms which allow the elimination of the errors, leading to so called superspecifity of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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