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Gene. 1983 Dec;26(1):59-65.

Molecular cloning of a Bacillus subtilis xylanase gene in Escherichia coli.


A gene coding for xylanase synthesis in Bacillus subtilis was isolated by direct shotgun cloning using Escherichia coli as a host. Following partial digestion of B. subtilis chromosomal DNA with PstI or EcoRI restriction enzymes, fragments ranging from 3 to 7 kb were introduced into the PstI or EcoRI sites of pBR325. Transformed colonies having lost either the ampicillin or chloramphenicol resistance markers were screened directly on 1% xylan plates. Out of 8000 transformants, ten xylanase-positive clones were identified by the clearing zone around lysozyme-treated colonies. Further characterization of one of the clones showed that the xylanase gene was present in a 3.9-kb insert within the PstI site of the plasmid pBR325. Retransformation of E. coli strain with the xylanase-positive hybrid plasmid pRH271 showed 100% transformation to xylanase production. The intracellular xylanase produced by the transformed E. coli was purified by ion exchange and gel permeation chromatography. The electrophoretic mobility of the purified xylanase indicated an Mr of 22 000.

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