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Mutat Res. 1983 Feb;107(2):219-27.

Antimutagenic effects of cinnamaldehyde on chemical mutagenesis in Escherichia coli.


Antimutagenic effects of cinnamaldehyde on mutagenesis by chemical agents were investigated in Escherichia coli WP2 uvrA- trpE-. Cinnamaldehyde, when added to agar medium, greatly reduced the number of Trp+ revertants induced by 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4-NQO) without any decrease of cell viability. This antimutagenic effect could not be explained by inactivation of 4-NQO caused by direct interaction with cinnamaldehyde. Mutagenesis by furylfuramide (AF-2) was also suppressed significantly. Mutations induced by methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) and ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) were slightly inhibited. However, cinnamaldehyde was not at all effective on the mutagenesis of N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG). Two derivatives of cinnamaldehyde, cinnamyl alcohol and trans-cinnamic acid, did not have as strong antimutagenic effects on 4-NQO mutagenesis as cinnamaldehyde had. Because cinnamaldehyde showed marked antimutagenic effects against mutations induced by UV-mimic mutagens but not those induced by MNNG or EMS, it seems that cinnamaldehyde might act by interfering with an inducible error-prone DNA repair pathway.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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