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Pediatr Dermatol. 1984 Jul;2(1):1-7.

KID syndrome (keratitis, ichthyosis, and deafness) and chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis: case report and review of the literature.


In 1981 Skinner et al (1) proposed the term KID syndrome for a previously disparate group of congenital disorders principally made up of keratitis (K), ichthyosis (I), and deafness (D). The coexistence of congenital deafness associated with ichthyosis had been previously recognized (2,3), yet similarities among affected patients were overlooked because of both the paucity of cases and their seeming diversity. The patient reported by Skinner is similar to one whom we have been following at the Clinique Universitaire de Dermatologie in Geneva since 1978. After having reviewed the literature, we believe that KID syndrome is a useful, unifying clinical term.

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