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Radiat Res. 1984 May;98(2):332-44.

Dose- and time-related quantitative and qualitative alterations in the granulocyte/macrophage progenitor cell (GM-CFC) compartment of dogs after total-body irradiation.


The effects of single-dose total-body X irradiation (TBI) on the granulocyte/macrophage progenitor cell (GM-CFC) population in bone marrow and blood of dogs were studied for dose levels of 0.78 and 1.57 Gy up to 164 days after irradiation. The blood GM-CFC concentration per milliliter was depressed in the first 7 days in a dose-dependent fashion to 5-16% of normal after 0.78 Gy and to between 0.7 and 5% after 1.57 Gy. The bone marrow GM-CFC concentration per 10(5) mononuclear cells, on the other hand, was initially reduced to about 45% of the average pre-irradiation value after 0.78 Gy and to 23% after 1.57 Gy. The regeneration within the first 30 to 40 days after TBI of the blood granulocyte values and the repopulation of the bone marrow GM-CFC compartment was associated with both a dose-dependent increase in the S-phase fraction of the bone marrow GM-CFC and a dose-dependent increase in colony-stimulating activity (CSA) in the serum. The slow repopulation of circulating blood GM-CFC to about only 50% of normal even between days 157 and 164 after TBI could be related to a correspondingly delayed reconstitution of the mobilizable GM-CFC subpopulation in the bone marrow.

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