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Blood. 1984 Mar;63(3):649-56.

Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for patients with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia.


Seventy patients with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia (ANLL) underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation following cytoreduction with total body irradiation and cyclophosphamide. Thirty patients underwent transplantation in first remission, 11 in second remission, 3 in third remission, and 26 in relapse. At a median follow-up of 30 mo, 17 of those in first remission and 7 of those in second remission survive in continuous remission, compared to 1 in third remission and 3 in relapse. The 3-yr Kaplan-Meier probability of disease-free survival among the various groups was 55% (+/- 9.2%) for the first remission transplants, 64% (+/- 14.5%) for second remission, 33% (+/- 20%) in third remission, and 10.3% (+/- 6.3%) in the relapse group. Statistical analysis showed a similar survival in the first and second remission groups that was significantly better than that seen in the third remission and relapse groups (p less than 0.01). The improved survival seen in the early remission groups was due to a significant decrease in the incidence of relapse posttransplant (p less than 0.01). These results confirm observations that a significant number of patients transplanted in first remission may achieve extended disease-free survival and document similar results for patients transplanted in second remission.

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