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Hoppe Seylers Z Physiol Chem. 1983 May;364(5):593-606.

Synthesis of the mitogenic S-[2,3-bis(palmitoyloxy)propyl]-N-palmitoylpentapeptide from Escherichia coli lipoprotein.


The N-terminal pentapeptide of the lipoprotein from the outer membrane of Escherichia coli was obtained by coupling S-[2,3-bis(palmitoyloxy)-(2RS)-propyl]-N-palmitoyl-(R)-cysteine to O-tert-butylseryl-O-tert-butyl-seryl-asparaginyl-alanine tert-butyl ester followed by deprotection with trifluoroacetic acid. The tetrapeptide was built up from alanine tert-butyl ester with N-9-fluorenylmethyloxycarbonyl protected amino acids. S-[2,3-Bis(palmitoyloxy)propyl]-N-palmitoylcysteine was obtained from N,N'-dipalmitoylcystine di-tert-butyl ester via reduction to the thiol, and S-alkylation with racemic 3-bromo-1,2-propanediol followed by esterification with palmitic acid in the presence of dicyclohexylcarbodiimide/dimethylaminopyridine and deprotection with trifluoroacetic acid. The compounds were characterized unequivocally by 13C-NMR and mass spectra. The diastereomers of S-[2,3-bis(palmitoyloxy)propyl]-N-palmitoylcysteine tert-butyl ester with opposite configuration at the propyl-C-2 atom could be separated on a silica-gel column.

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