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Brain Res. 1984 May 28;301(1):83-93.

The absence of differentiation-promoting response of astroglioma cells to glia maturation factor.


The effects of glia maturation factor (GMF) on cell proliferation and differentiation were investigated with 3 astroglioma cells (GE-12, C6, and GA-1), Schwannoma-like cells (354A), and mixed glioma cells (LRM-55). In the exponentially growing phase the growth rates of all glioma cells were enhanced by GMF regardless of the presence or absence of serum, but the factor failed to make the saturation density surpass the control level observed in the medium without GMF even in the chemically defined medium (N2 medium). GMF markedly lowered the saturation density of Schwannoma-like cells in N2 medium. Although GMF increased the intracellular content of S-100 protein 10-fold and 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide phosphohydrolase activity 1.5-fold in Schwannoma-like cells, GMF conversely decreased the S-100 contents and glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase activity in astroglioma cells. All the astroglioma cells secreted into the culture medium large quantities of a growth-promoting factor(s) which had similar chemical properties to those of GMF and stimulated the proliferation of normal glioblasts; but Schwannoma-like cells did not, although they produced a small amount of such a factor(s). These findings imply that astroglioma cells are deprived of the differentiation-promoting response to GMF while Schwannoma-like cells still preserve the response in addition to the proliferative response to GMF.

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