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Am J Vet Res. 1984 Apr;45(4):742-6.

Effects of single intravenous doses of dexamethasone on baseline plasma cortisol concentrations and responses to synthetic ACTH in healthy dogs.

Abstract

The duration of adrenocortical suppression resulting from a single IV dose of dexamethasone or dexamethasone sodium phosphate was determined in dogs. At 0800 hours, 5 groups of dogs (n = 4/group) were treated with 0.01 or 0.1 mg of either agent/kg of body weight or saline solution (controls). Plasma cortisol concentrations were significantly (P less than 0.01) depressed in dogs given either dose of dexamethasone or dexamethasone sodium phosphate by posttreatment hour (PTH) 2 and concentrations remained suppressed for at least 16 hours. However, by PTH 24, plasma cortisol concentrations in all dogs, except those given 0.1 mg of dexamethasone/kg, returned to control values. Adrenocortical suppression was evident in dogs given 0.1 mg of dexamethasone/kg for up to 32 hours. The effect of dexamethasone pretreatment on the adrenocortical response to ACTH was studied in the same dogs 2 weeks later. Two groups of dogs (n = 10/group) were tested with 1 microgram of synthetic ACTH/kg given at 1000 hours or 1400 hours. One week later, half of the dogs in each group were given 0.01 mg of dexamethasone/kg at 0600 hours, whereas the remaining dogs were given 0.1 mg of dexamethasone/kg. The ACTH response test was then repeated so that the interval between dexamethasone treatment and ACTH injection was 4 hours (ACTH given at 1000 hours) or 8 hours (ACTH given at 1400 hours). Base-line plasma cortisol concentrations were reduced in all dogs given dexamethasone 4 or 8 hours previously.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
6329041
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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