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Life Sci. 1984 May 21;34(21):2007-13.

Structure-activity studies of beta-carboline analogs.

Abstract

A number of beta-carboline analogs have been obtained or synthesized, and their in vitro receptor affinities and in vivo antagonist activities determined. The choice of analogs was made in order to explore the importance of the N9 -H, the aromatic nitrogen and the C3-ester moiety for high-receptor affinity and antagonist activity of this class of benzodiazepine antagonist. Among the analogs investigated, we describe the properties of 3-cyano-beta-carboline (1h), the first potent beta-carboline antagonist without a carbonyl at the C3-position. The results obtained indicate: (1) Specific interactions of the C3-substituent with key cationic receptor sites rather than electron-withdrawing properties are important for high-receptor affinity and antagonist activity. (2) Specific in-plane interactions of the aromatic nitrogen with a cationic receptor site, rather than stacking with neutral aromatic residues of the receptor are also important for high affinity and antagonist activity. (3) While the presence of an N9 -H enhances receptor affinity, interaction with an anionic receptor site does not appear essential for antagonist activity.

PMID:
6328151
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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