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J Virol. 1984 Mar;49(3):828-40.

Molecular analysis of the envelope gene and long terminal repeat of Friend mink cell focus-inducing virus: implications for the functions of these sequences.


We sequenced the envelope (env) gene and 3' long terminal repeat of a Friend mink cell focus-inducing virus (F-MCFV). We also sequenced the gp70 coding regions for two cDNA clones of another F-MCFV. The deduced amino acid sequence of the env gene products of both F-MCFVs were compared to the corresponding sequences of other MCFVs and of ecotropic viruses. The env polypeptides of the different viruses showed long stretches of homology in the carboxy-terminal half of gp70 and in p15env ("constant region"). The amino-terminal half of gp70 was very similar in all MCFVs, but showed extensive variations relative to the ecotropic viruses ("differential region"). This differential region in all MCFVs is of endogeneous origin. We show evidence that this region carries determinants for ecotropic or polytropic host range. No indication could be found that the env gene products determine the histological type of disease caused by particular MCFVs. When the long terminal repeats of F-MCFV and Friend murine leukemia virus were compared with those of other viruses causing either lymphatic leukemia or erythroleukemia, several nucleotides were localized which might determine the histological type of disease caused by these viruses.

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