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Am J Physiol. 1984 Feb;246(2 Pt 2):F227-33.

Extravascular CBG-like sites in rat kidney and mineralocorticoid receptor specificity.


To determine the intrarenal distribution of extravascular corticosteroid-binding globulin- (CBG) like sites, we measured the specific binding of [3H]corticosterone to supernatants prepared from papilla-inner medulla, outer medulla, and cortex from adrenalectomized rats. Renal papilla-inner medulla of exhaustively perfused kidneys contained 8-20 times higher concentrations of such sites than cortex or outer medulla. The ontogeny and steroid specificities of such sites were identical to those of plasma CBG; their molar concentration in the inner medulla-papilla was 4 times that of plasma CBG, consistent with local accumulation of CBG. Cytosols from all three zones bound [3H]aldosterone in the presence of RU-26988, a highly specific synthetic glucocorticoid, with high affinity (Kd 4 degrees C, 0.3-0.4 X 10(-9) M) and limited capacity (papilla-inner medulla, 23-34; outer medulla, 15-16; cortex, 12-17 fmol/mg). In papilla-inner medulla the apparent specificity of such [3H]aldosterone binding sites was aldosterone greater than corticosterone greater than dexamethasone, in contrast to aldosterone = corticosterone greater than dexamethasone in outer medulla and cortex. We propose that extravascular CBG confers mineralocorticoid specificity on the papilla-inner medulla [3H]aldosterone binding sites. In addition, given the higher levels of extravascular than intravascular CBG and the recurrent vascular architecture of the renal medulla-papilla, a countercurrent exchange model is proposed for renewable sequestration of corticosterone in the region.

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