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Virology. 1983 Dec;131(2):265-73.

Cytolytic T-cell mediated lysis of reovirus-infected cells: requirements for infectious virus, viral particles, and viral proteins in infected target cells.

Abstract

The virological requirements for the recognition of infected target cells by cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL), using reovirus, a nonenveloped, icosahedral virus has been investigated. Using mouse L cells infected at the nonpermissive temperature with ts (temperature-sensitive) mutants of reovirus in complementation groups C and G, it has been shown that the production of complete viral particles is not necessary for efficient lysis of infected cells by CTL. In addition, adsorption of purified viral particles and viral top component (TC), empty capsids lacking genome ds-RNA, to L cells just prior to use in cytolytic T cell assays is sufficient to produce target cells capable of being lysed, though target production is less efficient than with L cells infected with reovirus. Membrane fluorescence analysis of cells infected with reovirus ts mutants at the nonpermissive temperature and with adsorbed viral particles revealed the presence of the viral sigma 1 protein on the cell surface. For adsorbed particles, the degree of membrane fluorescence paralleled the capacity of CTL to lyse target cells. It is concluded that cells infected with icosahedral, nonenveloped viruses, like cells infected with enveloped viruses, express viral antigens on the cell surface even in the absence of the production of complete viral particles; adsorbed viral particles can be incorporated into the cell membrane in a manner sufficient for recognition and lysis by CTL, in the absence of actual infection of the cells.

PMID:
6318431
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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