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Biochemistry. 1983 Oct 25;22(22):5188-94.

Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase inhibitors preserve nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide and adenosine 5'-triphosphate pools in DNA-damaged cells: mechanism of stimulation of unscheduled DNA synthesis.

Abstract

Inhibitors of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase stimulated the level of DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis in DNA-damaged L1210 cells but had negligible effects in undamaged L1210 cells. The poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors stimulated DNA repair synthesis after cells were exposed to high concentrations of N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (68 and 136 microM) but not after exposure to low concentrations (13.6 and 34 microM). When the L1210 cells were exposed to 136 microM N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine, the activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase resulted in the rapid depletion of oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) levels and subsequent depletion of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) pools. After low doses of N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (13.6 microM), there were only small decreases in NAD+ and ATP. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors prevented the rapid fall in NAD+ and ATP pools. This preservation of the ATP pool has a permissive effect on energy-dependent functions and accounts for the apparent stimulation of DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis. Thus, the mechanism by which poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors stimulate DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis in DNA-damaged cells appears to be mediated by their ability to prevent the drastic depletion of NAD+ pools that occurs in heavily damaged cells, thereby preserving the cells' ability to generate ATP and maintain energy-dependent processes.

PMID:
6317018
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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