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Diabetes. 1983 Oct;32(10):887-93.

The adrenergic contribution to glucose counterregulation in type I diabetes mellitus. Dependency on A-cell function and mediation through beta 2-adrenergic receptors.

Abstract

In order to assess the adrenergic contribution to hypoglycemic glucose counterregulation in type I diabetes mellitus and to determine whether the adrenergic contribution is mediated through beta 1- or beta 2-adrenergic receptors, hypoglycemia was induced by an i.v. insulin infusion (30 mU/m2 x min) for 60 min in 11 insulin-dependent diabetic patients (IDDM), 5 with normal plasma glucagon responses and 6 with blunted responses, and also in 7 age-weight-matched nondiabetic subjects. Rates of plasma glucose decrease and postnadir increase, as well as plasma concentrations of free insulin and of counterregulatory hormones, were measured when insulin was infused alone, and when insulin was infused along with propranolol (a beta 1- and beta 2-adrenergic receptor antagonist) or metoprolol (a selective beta 1-antagonist). Postnadir plasma glucose recovery was decreased in IDDM with blunted plasma glucagon responses (21 +/- 0.8 mumol x L-1 x min-1, P less than 0.001), but was normal in patients with normal plasma glucagon responses (30 +/- 0.4 versus 33 +/- 0.5 mumol x L-1 x min-1 in nondiabetic subjects, P = NS). Postnadir plasma glucose recovery was not affected by either propranolol or metoprolol in normal subjects and in IDDM with normal glucagon responses. However, in IDDM with blunted plasma glucagon responses, postnadir plasma glucose recovery was further decreased by propranolol (14 +/- 0.6 mumol x L-1 x min-1, P less than 0.01), but was unaffected by metoprolol (22 +/- 0.9 mumol x L-1 x min-1, P = NS).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
6311652
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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