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J Biol Chem. 1983 Feb 10;258(3):1399-402.

Nucleotide sequences of two pea cDNA clones encoding the small subunit of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase and the major chlorophyll a/b-binding thylakoid polypeptide.


Two major chloroplast proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and synthesized on free cytoplasmic ribosomes: the small subunit of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase and the apoprotein components of the chlorophyll a/b light harvesting complex. We have recently reported the isolation of two cDNA clones from pea which encode both the small subunit of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase (pSS15) and the polypeptide 15 (pAB96), the major chlorophyll a/b binding protein (Broglie, R., Bellemare, G., Bartlett, S., Chua, N.-H., and Cashmore, A. R. (1981) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 78, 7304-7308). To further characterize these clones, we determined their nucleotide sequence. Clone pSS15 contains a 691-base pair cDNA insert which encodes the entire 123 amino acids of the mature small subunit protein. In addition, this clone also encodes 33 amino acids of the NH2-terminal transit peptide extension and 148 nucleotides of the 3' noncoding region preceding the poly(A)tail. A second cDNA clone (pAB96) contains an 833-nucleotide insert which encodes most of polypeptide 15. The DNA sequence of this cloned cDNA was used to deduce the previously undetermined amino acid sequence of this integral thylakoid membrane protein. The nucleotide sequence of the cDNA clone, pSS15, should provide information concerning the role of the transit sequence in the transport of cytoplasmically synthesized chloroplast proteins. Similarly, the deduced amino acid sequence of polypeptide 15 will provide information for predicting its orientation in thylakoid membranes as well as its role in binding chlorophyll.

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