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Infect Immun. 1982 Sep;37(3):1132-7.

Protection against lethal challenge of BALB/c mice by passive transfer of monoclonal antibodies to five glycoproteins of herpes simplex virus type 2.


Monoclonal antibodies secreted by six hybridomas and recognizing antigenic sites on glycoproteins gC, gAB, gD, gE, and gF of herpes simplex virus type 2 were examined for their ability to protect BALB/c mice from lethal infection by the virus. Administration of monoclonal antibodies to individual glycoproteins intraperitoneally 3 h before footpad challenge with 10 times the 50% lethal dose of virus protected between 35 and 75% of the mice, except for one of two monoclonal antibodies recognizing antigens on gC. The antibodies did not neutralize virus in vitro and protected A/J mice deficient in the fifth component of complement as efficiently as complement-sufficient BALB/c mice. A good correlation was found between protection and titers of monoclonal antibodies assessed by antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytolysis. The results indicate that any of the glycoproteins can serve as antigens for a protective immune response. In addition, the data are compatible with protection being mediated by an antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytolysis mechanism.

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