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Gene. 1982 Jun;18(3):211-20.

Variation in mouse major urinary protein (MUP) genes and the MUP gene products within and between inbred lines.


The mouse major urinary proteins (MUPs) and the unprocessed in vitro translation products of MUP mRNA were each resolved by isoelectric focusing (IEF). The urinary MUPs showed about 15 distinct components, and the unprocessed MUPs about 20. In each case wide variation was observed in the relative intensities of individual bands. A comparison of three inbred lines (C57BL, BALB/c and JU) showed inter-line variation in the patterns both of the urinary MUPs and of the unprocessed MUPs. A series of experiments was carried out with a cloned MUP cDNA probe. All three inbred lines contain the same number (about 20) of MUP genes per haploid genome. In Southern blot analysis of genomic DNA the MUP genes displayed complex patterns which we interpret as showing variation on a common basic MUP gene sequence. For each combination of restriction enzymes tested, one size of fragment carried more than half of the total label, and this fragment was always the same in the three inbred lines. Inter-line differences were observed in the patterns of some of the less reactive fragments. MUP mRNA consists of at least two distinct species with sizes of 1 and 1.2 kb, which reacted with the probe in a label ratio of about 0.5 to 1. In the three inbred lines this ratio was essentially the same.

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