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J Biol Chem. 1982 Aug 10;257(15):8997-9004.

Secondary bioenergetic hypoxia. Inhibition of sulfation and glucuronidation reactions in isolated hepatocytes at low O2 concentration.


The O2 dependence of cytochrome oxidase, cellular ATP/ADP ratio, and drug sulfation and glucuronidation were studied in isolated hepatocytes to examine secondary biochemical changes of hypoxia related to decreased cytochrome oxidase function. A decrease in cytochrome oxidase function as well as in cellular ATP/ADP ratio occurred at low O2 concentrations and their O2 dependencies gave p50 values of 3.2 and 2.8 microM O2, respectively. Changes in the ATP/ADP ratio corresponded directly with changes in the oxidation-reduction state of cytochrome oxidase. The p50 value for sulfation of acetaminophen (2.5 microM O2) corresponded with the values for ATP/ADP ratio and cytochrome oxidase. Addition of compounds that lowered cellular ATP/ADP ratio caused a corresponding inhibition of sulfation. Selective use of ethionine, an adenosyl-trapping agent, demonstrated that the O2 dependence of sulfation related directly to a decrease in the absolute ATP concentration. The p50 value for glucuronidation (5.2 microM O2) was higher than that for sulfation, but in spite of this difference, glucuronidation also correlated well with cellular ATP/ADP ratio when this ratio was decreased by either O2 limitation or metabolic inhibitors. These results demonstrate that the predominant limitation of drug sulfation and glucuronidation during hypoxia is due to decreased cytochrome oxidase function.

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