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J Steroid Biochem. 1982 Feb;16(2):245-64.

Studies on high affinity binding of mineralo- and glucocorticoids in rabbit aorta cytosol.


High affinity, specific binding-sites to mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids, with characteristics of steroid receptors, have been found in rabbit aorta cytosol. Binding parameters (dissociation constants and number of binding sites per mg of cytosol protein) were determined from Scatchard plots, after statistical treatment of the data with the aid of a computer program, for the following tritiated steroids: 11-desoxycorticosterone (DOC), aldosterone (Aldo), progesterone (Prog), corticosterone (BK), cortisol (FK) and dexamethasone (Dex). The specificity of binding was then examined by means of steroid competition studies. The results of these experiments indicate that three different types of high-affinity binding sites to adrenal steroids are present in aorta cytosol: Type A, with the highest affinity for DOC; Type B, with the highest affinity for FK; Type C, with the highest affinity for Dex. In accordance with the relative competitive potencies of various steroids for these binding sites, Type A is designated as the "arterial mineralocorticoid binder", clearly differing in its binding characteristics from the cytoplasmic mineralocorticoid binders in known target tissues to these steroids (e.g. the renal receptor), while Type C is designated as the "arterial glucocorticoid binder", closely resembling the classical glucocorticoid receptor in known target tissues to glucocorticoids. Type B exhibited some of the binding characteristics of transcortin and may represent a modified, intracellular transcortin. While Types B and C are present also in the cytosol of inferior vena cava. Type A was only in the aorta. The role of these binders is not known at present. Arguments are presented in favor of a hypothesis that the Type A (mineralocorticoid) binder represents an arterial wall; and that, under certain conditions, this action leads to an increased contractility of arterial and arteriolar smooth muscles, increased peripheral resistance and hypertension.

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