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J Biol Chem. 1981 Nov 25;256(22):11923-31.

Monoclonal antibodies to the low density lipoprotein receptor as probes for study of receptor-mediated endocytosis and the genetics of familial hypercholesterolemia.


Monoclonal antibodies directed against the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor have been prepared by immunization of mice with a partially purified receptor from bovine adrenal cortex. Spleen cells from the mice were fused with the Sp2/0-Ag14 line of mouse myeloma cells. The most extensively studied monoclonal antibody, designated immunoglobulin-C7, reacts with the human and bovine LDL receptor, but not with receptors from the mouse, rat, Chinese hamster, rabbit, or dog. 125I-labeled monoclonal antibody binds to human fibroblasts in amounts that are equimolar to 125I-LDL. In fibroblasts from 6 of 8 patients with the receptor-negative form of homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia, which have less than 5% of normal LdL binding, the amount of monoclonal antibody binding was also less than 5% of normal. Fibroblasts from the other two receptor-negative homozygotes bound an amount of monoclonal antibody that was much greater than expected on the basis of LDL binding, suggesting that these two patients produce a structurally altered receptor that binds the antibody, but not LDL. In normal fibroblasts, the receptor-bound monoclonal antibody was taken up and degraded at 37 degrees C at rapid rate similar to that for LDL. Fibroblasts from a patient with the internalization defective form of familial hypercholesterolemia bound the monoclonal antibody, but did not internalize or degrade it. The current data demonstrate the usefulness of monoclonal antibodies as probes for the study of the cellular and genetic factors involved in receptor-mediated endocytosis.

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