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Biophys J. 1981 Jul;35(1):45-57.

Block and inactivation of sodium channels in nerve by amino acid derivatives. II. Dependence on temperature and drug concentration.


The interaction of n-propylguanidinium (nPG) with sodium channels has been further characterized. From experiments at varying temperatures, the Q10 for the sodium current decay time constant in the two [Na+] gradients is 2.6-2.9 independent of drug. Testing several nPG concentrations we find that peak sodium current declines sharply with [nPG] at all levels, but the decay time constant approaches an asymptote above 4 mM. No "hooks" in sodium tail currents are seen. If the sodium current is allowed to decay completely before repolarization no tail current is observed. We have developed a kinetic model in which nPG acts at a single site within the sodium channel. Reaction of nPG with its receptor requires two steps. Fitting the temperature data shows that the first step involves diffusion of the drug to the site and close association with it. The second step may include molecular reorganization of the complex. The rate constants for the reaction are all simple exponential functions of voltage. Using them, the model successfully predicts decay time constants and peak currents, and their dependence on potential, [Na+] gradient, temperature, and nPG concentration. The results are consistent with the idea that an arginine residue may be closely associated with inactivation.

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