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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1981 Jan;78(1):636-9.

Purification of the opiate receptor from rat brain.


The opiate receptor was purified from a Triton-solubilized preparation of rat neural membranes by the use of affinity chromatography. The affinity gel was prepared by coupling 14-beta-bromoacetamidomorphine, a newly synthesized ligand, to omega-aminohexyl-Sepharose. After elution of the nonspecific proteins with 50 mM Tris (pH 7.5), the receptor proteins were eluted with 1 microM levorphanol or etorphine. NaDodSO4/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed three major proteins associated with the opiate receptor, having molecular weights of 43,000, 35,000, and 23,000. The purified receptor binds 10(-11) mol of dihydromorphine/per mg of protein, with a Kd of 3.8 X 10(-9) M. Other opiates, naloxone, and methionine-enkephalin, inhibit [3H]dihydromorphine binding in a manner similar to that observed with intact and solubilized neural membranes.

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