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J Physiol. 1980 Oct;307:243-57.

Sodium channel permeation in squid axons. II: Non-independence and current-voltage relations.


1. The concentration and voltage dependence of current through the Na channels of squid giant axons was studied. The permeant cations Na, K and ammonium were used. 2. The Na channel current at a fixed voltage saturates as the internal permeant ion concentration is increased. The half-saturation activities at 50 mV were found to be 623, 268, 161 mM for Na, NH4, and K, respectively. These Km values for Na and K appear to be voltage-dependent. 3. Instantaneous current-voltage relations were determined with two different internal Na concentrations and with Na outside and K inside. 4. A three-barrier, two-site ion permeation model previously used in describing Na channel reversal potentials is shown here to account for the Na channel currents as well.

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