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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1980 Sep;77(9):5547-51.

Adenosine receptors in brain membranes: binding of N6-cyclohexyl[3H]adenosine and 1,3-diethyl-8-[3H]phenylxanthine.


N6-Cyclohexyl[3H]adenosine ([3H]CHA) and 1,3-diethyl-8-[3H]phenylxanthine ([3H]DPX) to bind to adenosine receptors in brain membranes. The agonist [3H]CHA has high affinity in both bovine and guinea pig brain (Kd, 0.7 nM and 6 nM, respectively). [3H]CHA binding kinetics are slow (dissociation t1/2;60 min); binding is much higher at 25 degrees C than at 0 degrees C and is inhibited by guanine nucleotides. Potencies of nucleosides and xanthines in competing for [3H]CHA sites indicate that specific binding is entirely to A1 adenosine receptors. In bovine brain, the antagonist [3H]DPX exhibits high-affinity binding (Kd, 5 nM) to the same A1 receptors that bind [3H]CHA. Binding kinetics are rapid (dissociation t1/2, 1 min), and binding is moderately higher at 0 degrees C than at 25 degrees C. In guinea pig brain, [3H]DPX binding has only moderate affintiy (Kd 50 nM), and about 60% of specific binding is to sites that resemble A2 adenosine receptors.

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