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Cancer Res. 1980 Apr;40(4):1235-9.

Activities of some enzymes of pyrimidine and DNA synthesis in a rat transplantable hepatoma and human primary hepatomas, in cell lines derived from these tissues, and in human fetal liver.


Activites of the enzymes DNA polymerase, thymidine kinase, thymidylate kinase, thymidylate synthase, and deoxycytidylate deaminase have been measured in rat and human normal and neoplastic liver, in human fetal liver, and in cell lines derived from human hepatomas and rat transplantable hepatomas. The activities of these enzymes were increased in rat transplantable hepatomas, relative to rat normal or host liver, to a degree corresponding to the rapid growth rate of these tumors. With the exception of thymidine kinase, which did not change, the activities of these enzymes increased in human hepatomas relative to the corresponding host liver (apparently normal liver tissue from the same patient) and to human normal liver. The increases in enzyme activity observed in human hepatomas were small in comparison with those found in the rapidly growing rat hepatomas. The activities of deoxycytidylate deaminase in both human and rat liver tissues were 2 to 3 orders of magnitude higher than those of the other enzymes assayed. Activities of the enzymes of DNA synthesis in a slow-growing cell line derived from a human hepatoma were similar to those in human hepatoma tissues. In the case of rapidly growing cell lines derived from rat and human hepatomas, enzyme activities were higher than those in the corresponding tissues.

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