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Basic Res Cardiol. 1984 Jan-Feb;79(1):49-58.

Subcellular origin of the surface fluorescence of reduced nicotinamide nucleotides in the isolated perfused rat heart.


Surface fluorometric measurements and indicator metabolite determinations in the isolated perfused rat heart showed that the NADH + NADPH fluorescence of the intact tissue originates largely from the mitochondria. The redox potential of the lactate dehydrogenase system calculated from the endogenous lactate/pyruvate ratios was closely similar to that of the glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase system calculated from the concentrations of glycerol-3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate in the tissue. Thus, in contrast to the liver, the cytosolic redox state of the NADH/NAD+ system in isolated perfused heart oxidizing external glucose or fatty acid is not amenable to optical monitoring, but can be assessed from the state of the lactate dehydrogenase or glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase systems.

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