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J Bacteriol. 1984 Jun;158(3):878-83.

Mutation prlF1 relieves the lethality associated with export of beta-galactosidase hybrid proteins in Escherichia coli.


The 42-1 lamB-lacZ gene fusion confers a conditionally lethal, export-dependent phenotype known as maltose sensitivity. A maltose-resistant mutant showing decreased beta-galactosidase activity of the hybrid protein, designated prlF1 (protein localization), was unlinked to the lamB-lacZ fusion. This mutation mapped at 70 min on the Escherichia coli linkage map and conferred maltose resistance, a 30-fold reduction in beta-galactosidase activity, and a 30% decrease in cellular growth rate at 30 degrees C that was independent of the presence of a gene fusion. prlF1 also decreased the beta-galactosidase activity and relieved the maltose sensitivity conferred by fusions of lacZ to the gene specifying the periplasmic maltose-binding protein, malE. The decrease in beta-galactosidase activity, however, was specific for exported hybrid proteins. When export of the hybrid protein was blocked by a signal sequence mutation, prlF1 decreased the beta-galactosidase activity only 2.5-fold. Similarly, prlF1 did not affect the beta-galactosidase activity of fusions of lacZ to a gene specifying a nonexported protein, malK.

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