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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1984 Jan;3(1):82-7.

Electrocardiographic detection of left ventricular hypertrophy using echocardiographic determination of left ventricular mass as the reference standard. Comparison of standard criteria, computer diagnosis and physician interpretation.


Electrocardiographic findings of left ventricular hypertrophy were compared with echocardiographic left ventricular mass in 148 patients to assess performance of standard electrocardiographic criteria, the IBM Bonner program and physician interpretation. On echocardiography, 43% of the patients had left ventricular hypertrophy (left ventricular mass greater than 215 g). Sokolow-Lyon voltage-(S in V1 + R in V5 or V6) and Romhilt-Estes point score correlated modestly with left ventricular mass (r = 0.40, p less than 0.001 and r = 0.55, p less than 0.001, respectively). Sensitivity of Sokolow-Lyon voltage greater than 3.5 mV for left ventricular hypertrophy was only 22%, but specificity was 93%. Point score for probable left ventricular hypertrophy (greater than or equal to 4 points) had 48% sensitivity and 85% specificity, whereas definite hypertrophy (greater than or equal to 5 points) had 34% sensitivity and 98% specificity. Computer analysis resulted in 45% sensitivity and 83% specificity. Overall diagnostic accuracy of the IBM Bonner program (67%) was better than that of Sokolow-Lyon voltage (62%), but worse than the Romhilt-Estes point score (69% for greater than or equal to 4 points or 70% for greater than or equal to 5 points). Three cardiologists interpreted electrocardiograms independently and in a blinded fashion. Physician sensitivity was 56%, specificity 92% and accuracy 76%. Correlation with left ventricular hypertrophy was good (r = 0.70, p less than 0.001). It is concluded that: 1) computer diagnosis of left ventricular hypertrophy by the IBM Bonner program is no more accurate than diagnosis by Sokolow-Lyon or Romhilt-Estes criteria, and 2) physician recognition of left ventricular hypertrophy is more accurate.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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