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Drug Intell Clin Pharm. 1983 May;17(5):329-33.

Isotretinoin in severe, recalcitrant cystic acne: a review.

Abstract

Isotretinoin, an isomer of retinoic acid, recently has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treatment of severe, recalcitrant acne. The most impressive effects include inhibition of sebum production and a reversible decrease in sebaceous gland size. Isotretinoin has proved to be an effective drug; response to therapy has been seen in virtually 100 percent of patients treated. Almost all patients experience reversible cutaneous and mucous-membrane symptoms while on isotretinoin treatment. Other common side effects include conjunctivitis (38 percent) and eye irritation (50 percent). The recommended dosage is 1-2 mg/kg/d for no longer than 16 weeks. Isotretinoin is currently the treatment of choice for severe, recalcitrant acne; however, because of potential side effects associated with retinoids, isotretinoin should be reserved for those patients who are unresponsive to conventional therapy, including topical and systemic antibiotics.

PMID:
6222891
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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