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Peptides. 1984 May-Jun;5(3):569-84.

Histochemical localization of FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the rat brain.


Molluscan cardioexcitatory neuropeptide or FMRFamide is present in the invertebrate central nervous system (CNS) and FMRFamide like peptide has been demonstrated in the mammalian CNS. In this study, the distribution of FMRFamide immunoreactivity was studied in rat brain using the indirect immunofluorescent method. The highest number of FMRFamide staining cell bodies was found in the nucleus (n) arcuatus. N. paraventricularis, n. hypothalamus, n. ventromedialis, n. dorsomedialis and n. tractus solitarii also contained high numbers. FMRFamide positive nerve fibers and terminals were widely distributed. The septal complex contained high densities, especially in n. interstitialis striae terminalis. N. paraventricularis hypothalami, n. paraventricularis, n. hypothalamicus, n. ventromedialis and n. dorsomedialis showed a high to very high degree of immunoreactivity. In myelencephalon, n. tractus solitarii had the densest innervation. Spinal cord had a dense band of FMRFamide positive fibers in lamina I and II of the dorsal horn. The present findings support a neurotransmitter role for a FMRFamide like peptide in the mammalian brain, possibly related to endocrine and autonomic regulation as well as pain modulation.

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