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Histochemistry. 1982;74(3):387-92.

Induced metachromasia in bull spermatozoa.


The availability of sequential DNA phosphates to bind toluidine blue molecules after acid hydrolysis was studied in normally shaped and misshaped spermatozoa from subfertile and highly fertile bulls. The aim was to associate induced spermatozoal metachromasia with infertility. Some few normally and abnormally shaped cells from highly fertile bulls exhibited an induced metachromasia after being treated with 4 N HCl for 10-30 min at 25 degree C prior to staining. Subfertile bulls contained 12 times as many metachromatic spermatozoa as highly fertile animals. The induced toluidine blue metachromasia is suggested as a rapid and simple method for detecting bull spermatozoa bearing an anomalous DNA-protein complex. This nucleo-protein complex was found to be more frequent in subfertile bulls.

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