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Am J Physiol. 1980 Sep;239(3):G230-5.

Effect of cholecystokinin-octapeptide on opossum lower esophageal sphincter.


We evaluated the action of cholecystokini-octapeptide (CCK-OP) on lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure in the opossum. LES pressure was recorded by an infused sleeve device that straddled the sphincter, whereas intraluminal esophageal pressure and gastric pressure were recorded via conventional manometric catheters. Progressive intravenous pulse doses of CCK-OP caused 1) graded increases in LES pressure, 2) circular and longitudinal smooth muscle contraction in esophageal body, and 3) mild increases in intragastric pressure. Pressor effect of CCK-OP on the LES was weakly antagonized by tetrodotoxin (TTX), but not by atropine, phentolamine, or pyrilamine. TTX antagonism of CCK-OP appeared to be nonspecific because TTX also partially antagonized LES contractions induced by pentagastrin, substance P, and bethanechol. We conclude that CCK-OP at doses that cause LES relaxation in other species induces LES contraction in the opossum. This pressor effect appears to be elicited by a direct action of the hormone on LES smooth muscle.

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