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J Pediatr. 1981 Sep;99(3):445-9.

The effect of short-term total parenteral nutrition on hepatic function in the human neonate: a prospective randomized study demonstrating alteration of hepatic canalicular function.


Twenty-one infants who were candidates for TPN because of respiratory disease were randomized into experimental (TPN) and control (glucose-electrolyte) groups. Serum GOT, GPT, GGTP, 5' nucleotidase, total, direct, and conjugated (ethyl anthranilate-reactive) bilirubin, and bile salt concentrations were determined at entry into the study and at one week. One week of TPN caused significant elevations of GGTP, 5'-N and EA bilirubin values, whereas SGOT, SGPT, SBS, and total and direct bilirubin were unaffected. Addition of a lipid infusion to TPN did not alter these differences. These data are interpreted as showing: (1) amino acid infusion has an early effect on hepatic function which is independent of the many diseases for which this therapy is used and of the concomitant use of lipid; (2) the initial effect appears to be on the canalicular membrane; and (3) the sinusoidal membrane is apparently unaffected by one week of TPN.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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