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Exp Cell Res. 1984 Dec;155(2):413-21.

Effect of cyclic AMP on cellular contractility and DNA synthesis in chorioretinal fibroblasts maintained in collagen matrices.


Dibutyryl cyclic AMP (db-cAMP), theophylline and forskolin were found to be potent inhibitors of DNA synthesis and cell contractility in chorioretinal fibroblasts maintained in 3-dimensional collagen matrices. Dose-response curves were constructed for the inhibitory action of these agents on both cellular parameters and their interrelationship examined by regression analysis. The results obtained indicate that these parameters were equally inhibited by cAMP with the exception of high concentrations of db-cAMP (greater than 10(-3) M) where a greater effect on DNA synthesis than cell contractility was observed which was attributed to additional inhibition of DNA synthesis by db-cAMP degradation products. It is proposed from the present results and those of other investigators that cAMP regulates non-transformed fibroblast proliferation and contraction through a common regulatory mechanism possibly involving cAMP-dependent protein kinases and calcium ions.

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