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J Nerv Ment Dis. 1984 Nov;172(11):667-73.

From hospital to community. Six-month and two-year outcomes for 505 patients.


The authors have completed a large descriptive study of the system of psychiatric aftercare in Metropolitan Toronto. This article describes the relevant 6-month and 2-year postdischarge outcome in each of five aftercare components for 505 subjects in a traditional system of service delivery. Provincial hospital, research institute, and general hospital subgroups are compared. For the total group, recidivism and employment rates are similar to those found in previous studies. Symptoms and distress levels are high. Considerable numbers of subjects live in inadequate and unsatisfactory housing. Social isolation, inadequate income, and difficulties with instrumental role functioning are persistent problems with little improvement between 6 months and 2 years postdischarge. Differences among the subgroups vary according to type of outcome and, for the most part, can be explained by differences in the characteristics of the patients served by the three types of inpatient treatment settings. These findings provide additional information about serious deficiencies in discharge planning and aftercare service delivery that is focused primarily upon the treatment of illness. The authors conclude that a more balanced system of aftercare requires a shift in resources to rehabilitation programs in the community.

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