Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochem J. 1969 May;112(4):465-74.

Glycerol kinase activities in muscles from vertebrates and invertebrates.

Abstract

1. Glycerol kinase (EC 2.7.1.30) activity was measured in crude extracts of skeletal muscles by a radiochemical method. The properties of the enzyme from a number of different muscles are very similar to those of the enzyme from rat liver. Glycerol kinase from locust flight muscle was inhibited competitively by l-3-glycerophosphate with a K(i) of 4.0x10(-4)m. 2. The activity of glycerol kinase was measured in a variety of muscles from vertebrates and invertebrates in an attempt to explain the large variation in the activity of this enzyme in different muscles. 3. In vertebrates glycerol kinase activities were generally higher in red muscle than in white muscle; the highest activities (approx. 0.2mumole/min./g. fresh wt.) were found in the red breast muscle of some birds (e.g. pigeon, duck, blue tit) whereas the activities in the white breast muscle of the pheasant and domestic fowl were very low (approx. 0.02mumole/min./g.). 4. On the basis of glycerol kinase activities, muscles from insects can be classified into three groups: muscles that have a low enzyme activity, i.e. <0.3mumole/min./g. (leg muscles of all insects studied and the flight muscles of cockroaches and the tsetse fly); muscles that have an intermediate enzyme activity, i.e. 0.3-1.5mumoles/min./g. (e.g. locusts, cockchafers, moths, water-bugs); and muscles that have a high enzyme activity, i.e. >1.5mumoles/min./g. (e.g. bees, wasps, some blowflies). 5. The function of glycerol kinase in vertebrate and insect muscles that possess a low or intermediate activity is considered to be the removal of glycerol that is produced from lipolysis of triglyceride or diglyceride by the muscle. Therefore in these muscles the activity of glycerol kinase is related to the metabolism of fat, which is used to support sustained muscular activity. A possible regulatory role of glycerol kinase in the initiation of triglyceride or diglyceride lipolysis is discussed. 6. The function of glycerol kinase in the insect muscles that possess a high activity of the enzyme is considered to be related to the high rates of glycolysis that these muscles can perform. The oxidation of extramitochondrial NADH, and therefore the maintenance of glycolysis, is dependent on the functioning of the glycerophosphate cycle; if at any stage of flight (e.g. at the start) the rate of mitochondrial oxidation of l-3-glycerophosphate was less than the activity of the extramitochondrial glycerophosphate dehydrogenase, this compound would accumulate, inhibit the latter enzyme and inhibit glycolysis. It is suggested that such excessive accumulation of l-3-glycerophosphate is prevented by hydrolysis of this compound to glycerol; the latter would have to be removed from the muscle when the accumulation of l-3-glycerophosphate had stopped, and this would explain the presence of glycerol kinase in these muscles and its inhibition by l-3-glycerophosphate.

PMID:
5801671
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1187734
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Portland Press Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk