Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
J Lipid Res. 1969 Jan;10(1):56-67.

Binding of long-chain fatty acids to bovine serum albumin.


We have studied the binding of long-chain free fatty acids (FFA) to crystalline bovine serum albumin (BSA) that had been extracted with charcoal to remove endogenous fatty acids. The data were analyzed in terms of a model consisting of six high-energy binding sites and a large number of weak binding sites. The high-energy sites were resolved into two distinct classes, each containing three sites. At 37 degrees C and pH 7.4, k'(1) (the apparent association constant of a class of binding sites) was about 10(6) m(-1) for binding to the three primary sites, and k'(2) was about 10(5) m(-1) for binding to the three secondary sites. The number of weak (tertiary) sites was estimated to be 63 with a k'(3) of 10(3) m(-1). In general, palmitate and palmitoleate were bound more tightly than oleate, linoleate, stearate, or myristate, and much more tightly than laurate. The association of palmitate with human and rabbit albumin also was analyzed in terms of this model. Palmitate was bound less firmly by human or rabbit albumin than by BSA. Palmitate binding to BSA was dependent upon the pH and temperature of the incubation medium. Long-chain hydrocarbons that did not contain a free carboxyl group (methyl palmitate, cetyl alcohol, and hexadecane) were bound to a limited extent and weakly. The presence of positively charged protein sites and native protein tertiary structure were required for maximal binding of palmitate to BSA. Of nine other proteins tested, only -lactoglobulin exhibited a significant capacity to bind palmitate.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Molecular Biology Databases

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk