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J Bacteriol. 1977 Jul;131(1):179-87.

Glucose catabolism in two derivatives of a Rhizobium japonicum strain differing in nitrogen-fixing efficiency.


Radiorespirometric and enzymatic analyses reveal that glucose-grown cells of Rhizobium japonicum isolates I-110 and L1-110, both derivatives of R. japonicum strain 3I1b110, possess an active tricarboxylic acid cycle and metabolize glucose by simultaneous operation of the Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas and Entner-Doudoroff pathways. The hexose cycle may play a minor role in the dissimilation of glucose. Failure to detect the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-dependent decarboxylating 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (EC evidences absence of the pentose phosphate pathway. Transketolase and transaldolase reactions, however, enable R. japonicum to produce the precursors for purine and pyrimidine biosynthesis from fructose-6-phosphate and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate. A constitutive nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-linked 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase has been detected. The enzyme is stimulated by either mannitol or fuctose and might initiate a new catabolic pathway. R. japonicum isolate I-110, characterized by shorter generation times on glucose and greater nitrogen-fixing efficiency, oxidizes glucose more extensively than type L1-110 and utilizes preferentially the Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway, whereas the Entner-Doudoroff pathway apparently predominates in type L1-110.

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