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J Bacteriol. 1970 Jun;102(3):607-15.

Genetic and physiological aspects of resistance to 5-fluoropyrimidines in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.


Mutants resistant to 5-fluorouracil, 5-fluorocytosine, and 5-fluorouridine were selected in yeast, and the mechanisms of their resistance were investigated. The investigated mutations map in seven different loci. (i) A mutation at the locus FUI 1 gives specifically resistance to 5-fluorouridine. (ii) Two loci are involved in a specific 5-fluorocytosine resistance: a mutation at locus FCY 1 produces a loss of cytosine deaminase activity; a mutation at locus FCY 2 results in the loss of the activity of a cytosine-specific permease. (iii) A mutation at the locus FUR 4 gives a simultaneous resistance to 5-fluorouracil and to 5-fluorouridine by loss in the activity of the uracil-specific permease. (iv) We found three types of mutants in the locus FUR 1. One is dominant and weakly resistant to 5-fluorouracil, 5-fluorocytosine, and 5-fluorouridine. The two others are recessive and are unable to catalyze one of the steps involved in uracil transformation into uridine 5'-monophosphate; this block-age explains their strong resistance to 5-fluorouracil and 5-fluorocytosine. Of these two mutants, one is resistant to 5-fluorouridine and the other is not. (v) Mutations at locus FUR 2 give resistance to 5-fluorouracil, 5-fluorocytosine, and 5-fluorouridine. These mutations are dominant and lead to a loss in the feedback regulation of the aspartic transcarbamylase activity by uridine triphosphate. (vi) The mutants FUR 3 are resistant to 5-fluorocytosine and 5-fluorouridine. They are dominant and physiologically related to the mutants of the locus FUR 1 but their mechanism of resistance is not understood.

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