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Circ Res. 1976 May;38(5 Suppl 1):I52-74.

Effects of regional ischemia on metabolism of glucose and fatty acids. Relative rates of aerobic and anaerobic energy production during myocardial infarction and comparison with effects of anoxia.


The rate of coronary flow reaching the oxygen-linited heart appears to be crucial in determining the myocardial tissue metabolic response. The tissue metabolic response to anoxia, well studied in hearts perfused with anoxic media, differs in many important ways from the response to ischemia. In regional ischemia (developing infarction) there is still a residual oxygen uptake which is reduced approximately to the same extent as the delivery of O2; there is also decreased delivery of substrates and decreased removal of CO2, H+, and lactate, with increased concentrations of these metabolites. Contents of hexose monophosphates rise rather than fall in anoxia. Measurements of glycolytic intermediates show an initial burst of accelerated glycolytic flux lasting less than 1 minute after coronary artery ligation; thereafter rates of flux decrease to control values or even less at 120 minutes. Relative inhibition of phosphofructokinase (PFK) activity may be explained by a slow rate of fall of ATP and a developing intracellular acidosis. In this model, glucose accounts for a greater part of the residual oxidative metabolism than does free fatty acid (FFA).

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